Honorable and respected ladies and gentlemen. When a people, led to freedom by the hand of patriotic virtue, entrust the Supreme power of Government in the hands of individuals selected and chosen from among the citizens at large,
It becomes the duty of the people to respect, honor & support their representatives on one hand, while on the other it becomes the duty of the persons of so promoted, to guard and secure the political interest and privileges of the community at large.
And whenever the representatives of a free people, either through design or inattention, do adopt measures which tend to injure the common interest; or neglect to pursue those steps which would promote the public good, their constituents have a natural and a constitutional right to remonstrate against such conduct.
Although, your memorialist cannot persuade themselves, that their representatives have ever adopted measures with the design of injuring the community yet, the experience and feeling of your memorialist too dearly prove them, that by some fatally the most ruinous exercise of undelegated powers by issuing emergency orders and public policy guidelines enforced as law, has been lately adopted in New Hampshire, that such acts, could have been devised to bring the good people of this State into the deepest distress; although they wish to remonstrate with decency, your honor will permit them to speak with the firmest of freemen, when they feel the present deprivation of Constitutional Rights.
We, the subscribers, Citizens of said State, having taken into serious consideration, that the current emergency powers statute, NH RSA 4:45 State of Emergency Declaration; Powers, is believed to be repugnant and contrary to the Constitution of New Hampshire.
Said statute has expanded the powers of the executive branch without the consent of the people; as such has been achieved by violating the procedural due process provided for by the Constitution to achieve such an outcome.
The Constitution of New Hampshire (the Law of the Land) may not be amended by the legislative body (public employees), that power is retained to, and may only be exercised by, the people, the Sovereign the creator of the laws of the land.
Under the Authority of the Constitution of New Hampshire, Bill of Rights Part I Article I; “All men are born equally free and independent; therefore, all government of right originates from the people, is founded in consent, and instituted for the general good.”
And, Bill of Rights, Part I, Article VII; “The people of this State, have the sole and exclusive right of governing themselves as a free, sovereign and independent State, and do, and forever hereafter shall exercise, and enjoy every power, jurisdiction and right pertaining thereto, which is not, or may not hereafter be by them expressly delegated to the United States of America in Congress assembled.”
And, Bill of Rights, Part I, Article VIII; “All power residing originally in, and being derived from the people, all the magistrates and officers of government, are their substitutes and agents, and at all times accountable to them.”
And, Bill of Rights, Part I, Article XII; “Nor are the inhabitants of this State controllable by any other laws than those to which they or their representative body have given their consent.”
And, Bill of Rights Part I, Article, XXXVIII; “And they have a right to require of their law-givers and magistrates, an exact and constant observance of them in the formation and execution of the laws necessary for the good administration of government.”
Notice of Violation of Constitutional Articles, by the General Court; and all persons concerned, are to take notice and govern themselves accordingly.
The Citizen[s] of the said State, having taken into serious consideration, dangerous abuse of power[s], by the encroachment of the legislative and executive bodies of this State; and as such, they have amended the Constitution of New Hampshire without the consent of the people, by expanding the power of the executive and legislative branches through the enactment of a statute, NH RSA 4:45 by legislative fiat.
The Citizen[s] are bound as (a) faithful member[s] of a free State to Remonstrate against it and to declare the reasons by which we are determined. We must Remonstrate against the said legislative act.
A DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
March 4, 1778.
1. Because we hold it a fundamental truth that the people of New Hampshire are the Sovereign, they are the creator and author of, the Constitution of New Hampshire, and that only they, “the people” may alter, amend or abolish said Constitution; “The whole and entire power of government of this State is vested in, and must be derived from, the people thereof, and from no other source whatsoever.”
2. Because; “The future Legislature of this State shall make no laws to infringe the rights of conscience, or any other of the natural, unalienable rights of men, or contrary to the laws of God, or against the Protestant religion.” Opinions of the Supreme Court[s] of the State of New Hampshire and the Supreme Court of the United States.
3. Because; “The legislature may not, even in the exercise of its “absolute” internal rulemaking authority, violate constitutional limitations. Id. at 284, 288.” Burt v Speaker, N.H. House of Representatives, 2020
4. Because; “Indeed, “[n]o branch of State government can lawfully perform any act which violates the State Constitution.” LaFrance, 124 N.H. at 176. Burt v Speaker, N.H. House of Representatives, 2020
5. Because; Therefore, “[a]ny legislative act violating the constitution or infringing on its provisions must be void because the legislature, when it steps beyond its bounds, acts without authority.” Burt v Speaker, N.H. House of Representatives, 2020
6. Because; “Certainly all those who have framed written Constitutions contemplate them as forming the fundamental and paramount law of the nation, and consequently the theory of every such government must be that an act of the Legislature repugnant to the Constitution is void.”; Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803)
7. Because; “This theory is essentially attached to a written Constitution, and is consequently to be considered by this Court as one of the fundamental principles of our society. It is not, therefore, to be lost sight of in the further consideration of this subject.” Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803)
8. Because; “So, if a law be in opposition to the Constitution, if both the law and the Constitution apply to a particular case, so that the Court must either decide that case conformably to the law, disregarding the Constitution, or conformably to the Constitution, disregarding the law, the Court must determine which of these conflicting rules governs the case. This is of the very essence of judicial duty.” Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803)
9. Because; “If, then, the Courts are to regard the Constitution, and the Constitution is superior to any ordinary act of the Legislature, the Constitution, and not such ordinary act, must govern the case to which they both apply.” Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803)
10. Because; “Thus, the particular phraseology of the Constitution of the United States confirms and strengthens the principle, supposed to be essential to all written Constitutions, that a law repugnant to the Constitution is void, and that courts, as well as other departments, are bound by that instrument.” Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803)
11. Because; “It is also not entirely unworthy of observation that, in declaring what shall be the supreme law of the land, the Constitution itself is first mentioned, and not the laws of the United States generally, but those only which shall be made in pursuance of the Constitution, have that rank.” Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803)
The Citizen[s] of New Hampshire therefore again protest and remonstrance against the exercise of any such powers by the legislative body or any Court or body of men appointed by them – the Citizen[s] of New Hampshire respectfully submit that the Honorable General Court convened take into consideration said Remonstrance and repeal and declare void, statute NH RSA 4:45.
Your memorialist does not conceive it their duty to point out the proper measures, for bringing about an alteration- their duty to themselves & their fellow Citizens have compelled them to point out the evils, and they doubt not, that the wisdom of your Honorable body will be sufficient to provide the mode of redress.itizens of this State.
Your memorialist do not conceive it their duty to point out the proper measures, for bringing about an alteration- their duty to themselves & their fellow Citizens have compelled them to point out the evils, and they doubt not, that the wisdom of your Honorable body will be sufficient to provide the mode of redress.
The good Citizen[s] of New Hampshire