India and Pakistan have suspended trade ties. India has clamped down on its area of control in Kashmir. The area is and has been a flashpoint for violence. It has been a contested area for a very long time. Both countries have nuclear weapons. They have gone to war in this region before. The conflict is based in the struggle between Islam and non-Muslim nations who do not submit.
Islam is represented by Muslim Pakistan. Both China and India are not Muslim majority countries. The Muslims in Kashmir are in jihad against the Kafir, the non-Muslims. Islam respects no national boundary and must be thought of as a semi-unified whole. There can never be peace until the Muslims win and an area submits to Allah. The only exception to this is when the Muslims are vanquished militarily and driven out. It is much the same situation we find in the Middle East, Africa and in Europe.
Kashmir is the northwestern most geographical region of the Indian subcontinent. Until the around the 1850’s, the term “Kashmir” denoted only the Kashmir Valley. The Kashmir Valley is between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal Range. Today, Kashmir refers to a larger area including areas controlled by India in the south, Pakistan in the north and China in the east.
Geography of control…
India controls the territory of Jammu and Kashmir Valley, and Ladakh. This is about 45% of the land area about 78% of the population of the region. Pakistan controls the territory including Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan. This is about 38% of the land area and 21.5% of the population. China controls the territory of Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract. This is about 16.7% of the land area and about .5% of the population.
Overview of history…
The area has had a turbulent history. Early on the Kashmir region became an important center of Hinduism. Later it became important in Buddhism. By the 9th Kashmir Shaivism arose.
In 1339, Shah Mir became the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir. Kashmir was part of the Mughal Empire from 1586 to 1751. Then came thereafter came the Afghan Durrani Empire until 1820. Next came the Sikhs. In 1846, after the Sikh defeat the Raja of Jammu, Gulab Singh, became the new ruler of Kashmir.
The rule of his descendants, under the British Crown, lasted until the partition of India in 1947. At that point the area became a disputed territory. The disputed territory is now administered by India, Pakistan, and China.
Important to understanding the region is the makeup of the population. The Indian controlled Kashmir Valley has 95% Muslim population with the balance mostly Hindu. The Jammu has Indian control and about 30% Muslin with 66% Hindu and the balance other religions. The Indian controlled Ladakh is about 46% are Muslim with 50% Buddhist and the balance other religions.
The Pakistani controlled Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan are Muslim. The lightly populated Chinese controlled areas of Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram are in Himalayas. The population and religious makeup is not readily available.