Islamic Doctrine for Non-Muslims is an important subject to get a handle on. Islamic ideology is not peaceful. Islam is violent and dangerous to the world. If you do not believe that, you are in denial, irrationally so.
Read the core documents of the faith. Read the Quran, Sira and the Hadiths. Understand what they say in their own words. Good translations are available. Start with the Sira because it is an easy to follow story of Muhammad’s life.
Islam defined: Islam is a political, economic, and military ideology. It is a worldview, a civilization view, which uses religion as a tool. The goal is to achieve an Islamic Ummah worldwide under Sharia law.
When, not if, Islamic leaders determine they are powerful enough, they will rise up to complete their final objective. That objective is creation of an Islamic Ummah worldwide. Ummah is a community of believers with a common purpose. The purposes are to worship God and to advance the cause of Islam. To accomplish this goal they will plunge the world into total chaos. Expect all Muslims; all mosques will unite to meet this goal.
There are no safe mosques. There are only various degrees of danger. We allow them into our communities at our own risk. The faith Muslims adhere to believes that there is and can only ever be one God, Allah. Islam tolerates no other beliefs. It is a requirement of Islam to pursue Jihad and every Muslim though the form of the struggle may vary.
Is there flexibility in the faith, Is reformation possible?
There is only Pure Islam and there are only Pure Muslims. There is no such thing as moderate Islam or moderate Muslims. A Muslim in accordance with their Prophet Muhammed must adhere to all aspects of Sharia. Sharia is Islamic Law. It is the religious legal system that governs the political, social and moral duties of faithful Muslims. It is what is meant by “God’s Law.”
Muslims shall not pick and choose which parts of Sharia to follow or not follow. Sharia is an all or nothing thing. If a Muslim does not do this, they are Apostates of Islam. The penalty is death for Apostates, regardless if they are in Saudi Arabia or St. Cloud, Minnesota. Sharia is based on the Sunnah. Sunnah is the way of life of Muhammad as recorded in the Hadith (traditions). It is an organized body of rules derived from various Quran verses and historical narrations.
Sharia defined: Sharia is a belief that everything Mohammed said or did in his life is the perfect example to all. What he did and said is Sharia. Sharia covers everything a Muslim does in his/her life. From the moment they awake until when they fall asleep and even while they are deep in sleep a Muslim must strive to be Sunna.
Sharia law cannot be changed nor removed from Islam. There is no validity in the concept of reformation of Islam. There are Muslims who claim to want to reform Islam. But once you have removed Sharia, you have started another religion. That is not reformation of Islam. The attempt necessarily causes you become an Apostate. You can no more remove Sharia from Islam than you can remove the 10 Commandments from Christianity. With more than a billion Muslins all working toward one goal Islamic Doctrine for Non-Muslims is an important subject to understand.